Molluscum contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is a usually harmless infection that causes small dimpled spots to appear on the skin, caused by the poxvirus. They usually do not cause any problems and heal naturally in a few months. The virus spreads through direct contact but is not very contagious. APPOTEK can help you with molluscum contagiosum.


MC is caused by a poxvirus called the molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV). The virus is spread either by direct contact, including sexual activity, or via contaminated objects such as towels. The condition can also be spread to other areas of the body by the person themselves. Risk factors include a weak immune system, atopic dermatitis, and crowded living conditions. Following one infection, it is possible to get reinfected.


Molluscum contagiosum lesions are flesh-coloured, dome-shaped, and pearly in appearance. They are often 1–5 mm in diameter, with a dimpled centre. The rash is either in the same shade as the skin or slightly red or pink. It is usually children who are affected and the skin changes usually occur on the face, arms, or stomach. An infected person can get anything from any single MC to a large and widespread number. The infection spreads through close body contact but because the illness is completely harmless you do not need to take any special protective measures and children do not need to be kept at home from school.

Prevention and protection

Practicing good hygiene is the best way to prevent MC. Here are some prevention tips to follow:


  • Wash hands before meals and after using the bathroom.
  • Wash hands anytime you cough or sneeze.
  • Cover mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing.
  • Don’t share utensils and drinking glasses with others, especially in group settings.
  • Avoid sharing personal items. This includes towels, clothing, hairbrushes, or bar soaps.


Molluscum contagiosum are harmless and heal by themselves over time. No treatment is required, and if you try to remove them, scars will remain and it will hurt, so you should refrain from scratching. 


Pharmacies have prescription-free products that can relieve itching and reduce the risk of infections. Ask which medicine is best for you.

When to consult a doctor

Molluscum contagiosum needs no special treatment, it usually heals by itself after a few months. If the spots look red and irritated and do not go away with home treatments, you should check with a doctor to see if they have become infected.

How APPOTEK can help

If you are not sure if it is MC or another illness that you or your child has, APPOTEK can help. A doctor or nurse will make an initial diagnosis during the video consultation. They can also give prescriptions or refer you for further examination, if needed.


Vadym Diadiun, Doctor of Medicine, M.D.