Non-hormonal contraceptive methods

Many contraceptive methods contain hormones; however, other options are available. Non-hormonal methods have fewer side effects than hormonal options.


An intrauterine device (IUD) is a device that can be placed into the uterus. There are hormonal and non-hormonal IUDs. 


The non-hormonal IUD contains copper that makes the environment of utera toxic to sperm. IUDs can also be removed at any time. It can work for up to 10 years.


However, it can cause side effects, including heavy bleeding and cramps. 


Sterilization is a surgical procedure for those who have decided not to have children any more. Vasectomy is male sterilization, while female sterilization is called tubal ligation.

Barrier methods

Barrier contraceptive methods can physically prevent the sperm from reaching the egg.


Condoms protect against sexually transmitted infections. Condoms work by not letting the sperm get into the vagina. It is advisable to use condoms together with other contraceptives for better protection.


Sponge is polyurethane foam with spermicide that is inserted into the vagina. The sponge blocks sperm from entering the uterus. 


Cervical cap can be placed in the vagina up to six hours before sex. Consult your doctor to choose the correct size.


Spermicide is a chemical that stops sperm from reaching an egg by killing it. It is better to use it with a condom or sponge for better protection.


Read more:

Methods of contraception
Hormonal contraception
Natural contraception
Emergency contraception

How APPOTEK can help

APPOTEK can refer you to a specialist or gynecologist who can help you with non-hormonal contraceptive methods.


Valeria Chernikova, Neurologist, M.D.