Eye conditions

The human eye is an organ that reacts to light and allows vision. The eye performs one of the most important functions of the body and is protected only by an eyelid, a thin fold of skin. Therefore it is no wonder that the eyes sometimes become irritated. Some problems heal on their own, others you can treat at home; but sometimes you need to see a doctor. 


APPOTEK can help you with various eye problems.


There are a variety of causes for eye problems, from allergies to infections, sensitive skin and overwork.


Common signs of eye problems are that the eye becomes red, dry and itchy. Red eyes are mainly caused by vasodilation of the peripheral small blood vessels when irritated or infected. Sometimes the eyelids can also swell.


Other common eye complaints include:


Allergic conjunctivitis – Itchy, red and running eyes are common symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis. Allergic conjunctivitis means that you have an allergic reaction. The reaction comes when you are allergic to pollen, fur or mites etc.


Eye herpes – Caused by the herpes simplex virus, eye herpes (ocular herpes) is a common, recurrent viral infection affecting the eyes. This type of herpes virus can cause inflammation and scarring of the cornea that sometimes is referred to as a cold sore on the eye.


Stye – also known as a hordeolum, is a bacterial infection of a sebaceous gland in the eyelid. This results in a red tender bump at the edge of the eyelid.


Blepharitis/Eyelid inflammation – this is one of the most common ocular conditions characterized by inflammation, scaling, reddening and crusting of the eyelid. The condition may also cause burning, itching, or a grainy sensation when introducing foreign objects or substances to the eye.



If you think you have something (e.g. sand or grit) in your eye, try rinsing it with water. Dry eyes can be treated with tear supplements, eye gel or drops. You can find them without a prescription at pharmacies. There you will also find products containing antihistamine, for complaints that are due to allergies. Be careful not to wear contact lenses when your eyes are irritated. Feel free to go to an ophthalmologist for an eye examination.


Sometimes treatment with prescription drugs is needed. These are only given after individual assessment/examination by a doctor.
Medicines that may be used include ointments, drops and cortisone. In some cases, surgery may be required.

When to consult a doctor

Seek medical care if you have tried to treat yourself without success, your symptoms are worsening or your eye condition is serious. Do not wait to see a doctor in such cases, as the earlier treatment is initiated, the more effective it will be.

How APPOTEK can help

  • Consulting
  • Individual assessment, prescriptions and referral if necessary

Vadym Diadiun, Doctor of Medicine, M.D.