Dry skin

Dry skin is a very common skin condition characterized by a lack of the appropriate amount of water in the most superficial layer of the skin, the epidermis. When the skin lacks moisture it can scale and itch. Exposure to dry weather conditions, hot water, and certain chemicals can cause your skin to dry out. Dry skin can also result from underlying medical conditions. You can keep your skin smooth by lubricating it with softening cream or ointment frequently. 


APPOTEK can help with dry skin.


The skin consists of three layers (epidermis, derma and hypodermis) and protects the body from bacteria, sun rays and various injuries. There are sebaceous glands in your skin, which are located near hair follicles, and produce a fatty substance called sebum. Sebum keeps skin and hair soft. If the body does not produce enough sebum, the skin becomes dry. 


But there are other causes of dry skin:


  • Using harsh soaps or scrubs can dissolve or damage the layer of sebum on the skin
  • Washing too often can dry out the epidermis
  • Very dry/warm climates or central heating can make the body lose fluid, leading to dry skin. 
  • Cold weather can also dry out your skin.


Dry skin can affect any part of your body. It commonly affects hands, arms, and legs. Skin that lacks moisture can become red, itchy, flaky, and feel rough. If your skin is very dry, it can crack and even bleed, or  lead to eczema.

Prevention and protection

Simple lifestyle changes can help prevent and relieve dry skin. Try to:


  • avoid using hot water to bathe or shower
  • shower every other day instead of every day
  • keep your shower time to less than 10 minutes
  • use a moisturizing soap when you bathe or shower
  • apply moisturizer immediately after bathing or showering
  • pat, rather than rub, wet skin dry with a soft towel
  • avoid itching or scrubbing dry skin patches
  • use a humidifier in your home
  • drink plenty of water


It’s also important to choose the right kind of moisturizer for your skin type. If your skin is extremely dry, look for a petrolatum-based product.


You might consider switching to a lighter, water-based lotion during the summer months if your skin becomes less dry then. Lotions that contain grapeseed oil and antioxidants can also help trap water in your skin.


In many cases, lifestyle changes and over-the-counter moisturizers may be all you need to treat it. There are non-prescription medications for dry skin and eczema at pharmacies. These reduce dryness, soothe itching and soften the scarred areas. Feel free to ask which product suits you best. 


If those treatments aren’t enough, you should contact your doctor.


Your doctor’s recommended treatment plan will depend on the cause of your dry skin.


In some cases, they may refer you to a skin specialist or dermatologist. Along with lifestyle remedies, they may recommend prescription ointments, creams, or lotions to treat your symptoms.


If you have severe problems with eczema, there are prescription drugs that can help.

When to consult a doctor

Consult your doctor for help with itching that does not go away with over the counter creams after a week, or if you get red itchy stains.

How APPOTEK can help

APPOTEK can help with dry skin. In the initial consultation, a doctor or dermatologist will evaluate your symptoms, then may prescribe treatment or refer you for further examination.


Valeria Chernikova, Neurologist, M.D.